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Five countries join Russia in its new mega-collider project
12 Aug '13
Belarus, Bulgaria, Germany, Kazakhstan and Ukraine have announced plans to join Russia in its NICA heavy ion collider project in Dubna some 130km north of Moscow. The five countries signed a protocol of intention last Thursday, Russian news agency RIA Novosti reported.
In an exchange with RIA Academician Viktor Matveyev, the director of the United Institute for Nuclear Research (UINR) developing the new collider, emphasized that it was not only about financial involvement but also about “in-kind contribution with equipment and components and about participation of experts.”
A collaboration agreement has been inked, inter alia, with the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers.
The NICA collider (stands for “Nuclotron-based Ion Collider fAcility”) is being created using the existing Nuclotron superconducting accelerator that UINR launched back in 1993. The new Dubna collider will be studying the transition of nuclear matter in extreme conditions into a new state referred to in physics as quark-gluon matter.
This is one of Russia’s six major scientific research projects, called mega-science class projects, with broad international participation. These projects are eligible for additional government finance provided that foreign organizations also contribute both financially and in kind.
Mr. Matveyev didn’t give the exact cost of the new unit, saying only that it would require an investment of “about $455m.”
The NICA is slated for launch four years from now.